To cause of the progressive insabbiamento of the port of >Pisaand thanks to its I found them particularly deep, that they allowed the berthing also to the ships of greater capacity, Livorno divenne the new great harbour city of the Tuscany .
To the term of the jobs, that they lasted until the end of 1500, the result was a harbour complex widened and fortified and a city to pentagonal plant completely renewed, with orthogonal roads oriented the points second cardinals.
Subsequently, the bastion to the northeast was transformed in the poderosaFortress and, in 1593, promulgate the famousLivorniane Laws that guaranteed to all the religion and commerce, residence freedom. Thanks to these presupposed, Livorno grew very fastly until becoming in the 1800 second Italian city for largeness. Today Livorno is an important harbour center of the Mediterranean , with a great river basin for container, connections via ferry, shipyards, refineries and is the center of the rinomata Navaleitaliana Academy . In the nacquero city Peter Mascagni , the famous composer of the work Rusticana Cavalry , and the painter and scultore Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)